GitHub
to
PostgreSQL

GitHub Data Integration with PostgreSQL

The Two Paths to Connect GitHub to

There are two ways to sync data from GitHub into your data warehouse for analytics.

Method 1: Manually Developing a Custom Data Pipeline Yourself

Write code from scratch or use an open-source framework to build an integration between GitHub and .

Method 2: Automating the ETL Process with a No-Code Solution

Leverage a pre-built connector from a cloud-hosted solution like Portable.

How to Create Value with GitHub Data

Teams connect GitHub to their data warehouse to build dashboards and generate value for their business. Let’s dig into the capabilities GitHub exposes via their API, outline insights you can build with the data, and summarize the most common analytics environments that teams are using to process their GitHub data.

Extract: What Data Can You Extract from the GitHub API?

To help clients power downstream analytics, GitHub offers an application programming interface (API) for clients to extract data on business entities.

You can visit the GitHub API Documentation to explore the entire catalog of available API resources and the complete schema definition for each.

As you think about the data you will need for analytics, don’t forget that Portable offers no-code integrations to other similar applications.

Regardless of the SaaS solution you use, it’s important to find a solution with robust data available for analytics.

Load: Which Destinations Are Best for Your GitHub ETL Pipeline?

To turn raw data from GitHub into dashboards, most companies centralize information into a data warehouse or data lake. For Portable clients, the most common ETL pipelines are:

  1. GitHub to Snowflake Integration
  2. GitHub to Google BigQuery Integration
  3. GitHub to Amazon Redshift Integration
  4. GitHub to PostgreSQL Integration
Common Data Warehouses
Common Data Warehouses

Once you have a destination to load the data, it’s common to combine GitHub data with information from other enterprise applications like Jira, Mailchimp, HubSpot, Zendesk, and Klaviyo.

From there, you can build cross-functional dashboards in a visualization tool like Power BI, Tableau, Looker, or Retool.

Develop: Which Dashboards Should You Build with GitHub Data?

Now that you have identified the data you want to extract, the next step is to plan out the dashboards you can build with the data.

As a process, you want to consume raw data, overlay SQL logic, and build a dashboard to either 1) increase revenue or 2) decrease costs.

Replicating GitHub data into your cloud data warehouse can unlock a wide array of opportunities to power analytics, automate workflows, and develop products. The use cases are endless.

Now that we have a clear sense of the insights we can create, let’s compare the process of developing a custom GitHub integration with the benefits of using a no-code ETL solution like Portable.

Method 1: Building a Custom GitHub ETL Pipeline

To build your own GitHub integration, there are three steps:

  1. Navigate the GitHub API documentation
  2. Make your first API request
  3. Turn an API request into a complete data pipeline

Let’s walk through the process in more detail.

How to Interpret GitHub’s API Documentation

When reading API documentation, there are a handful of key concepts to consider.

Authentication

There are many common authentication mechanisms. OAuth 2.0 (Auth Code and Client Credentials), API Keys, JWT Tokens, Personal Access Tokens, Basic Authentication, etc. For GitHub, it’s important to identify the authentication mechanism and how best to incorporate the necessary credentials into your API requests.

Resources

It’s important to identify the GitHub API endpoints you want to use for analytics. Most APIs offer a combination of GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE request methods; however, for analytics, GET requests are typically the most useful. At times, POST requests can be used to extract data as well.

Request Parameters

For each API endpoint you would like to use for analytics, you need to understand the method (GET, POST, PUT, or DELETE) and the URL, but there are other considerations to take into account as well. You should look out for pagination mechanics, query parameters, and parameters that are added to the request path.

How Do You Call the GitHub API? (Tutorial)

  1. Follow the instructions above to read the GitHub API documentation
  2. Identify and collect your credentials for authentication
  3. Pick the API resource you want to pull data from
  4. Configure the necessary parameters, method, and URL to make your first request (e.g. with curl or Postman)
  5. Add your credentials and make your first API call

How Do You Maintain a Custom GitHub to ETL Pipeline?

Making a call to the GitHub API is just the beginning of maintaining a complete custom ETL pipeline.

Here is a getting-started guide to building a production-grade pipeline for GitHub:

  • For each API endpoint, define schemas (which fields exist and the type for each)
  • Process the API response and parse the data (typically parsing JSON or XML)
  • Handle and replicate nested objects and custom fields
  • Identify which GitHub fields are primary keys and which keys are required vs. optional
  • Version control your changes in a git-based workflow (using GitHub, GitLab, etc.)
  • Handle code dependencies in your toolchain and the upgrades that come with each
  • Monitor the health of the upstream API, and —when things go wrong— troubleshoot via the status page, reach out to support, and open tickets
  • Handle error codes (HTTP error codes like 400s, 500s, etc.)
  • Manage and respect rate limits imposed by the server

We won’t go into detail on all of the items above, but rate limits are a great example of the complexity found in a production-grade data pipeline.

If you don’t respect rate limits, and if you can’t handle server responses (like 429 errors with a Retry-After header), your pipeline can break, and analytics can become out-of-date.

What Are the Drawbacks of Building the GitHub ETL Pipeline Yourself?

You can probably tell at this point that there is a lot of work that goes into building and maintaining an ETL pipeline from GitHub to your data warehouse.

If you want less development work, faster insights, and no ongoing responsibilities, you should consider a cloud-hosted ETL solution.

Let’s walk through the setup process for a no-code ETL solution and its benefits.

Method 2: Using a No-Code GitHub ETL Solution

No-code ETL solutions are simple. Vendors specialize in building and maintaining data pipelines on your behalf. Instead of starting from scratch for each integration. Companies like Portable create connector templates that can be leveraged by hundreds or thousands of clients.

Step-By-Step Tutorial for Configuring Your GitHub ETL Pipeline

Off-the-shelf ETL tools offer a no-code setup process. Here are the instructions to connect GitHub to your cloud data warehouse with Portable.

  1. Create an account
  2. Add a source —search for and select GitHub
  3. Authenticate with GitHub using the instructions in the Portable console
  4. Select and authenticate
  5. Set up a flow connecting GitHub to your analytics environment
  6. Run your flow to replicate data from GitHub to your warehouse
  7. Use the dropdown to set your data flow to run on a cadence

What Are the Benefits of Using Portable for GitHub ETL?

No-Code Simplicity

Start moving GitHub data in minutes. Save yourself the headaches of reading API documentation, writing code, and worrying about maintenance. Leave the hassle to us.

Easy to Understand Pricing

With predictable, fixed-cost pricing per data flow, you know exactly how much your GitHub integration will cost every month.

Fast Development Speeds

Access lightning-fast connector development. Portable can build new integrations on-demand in hours or days.

Hands-On Support

APIs change. Schemas evolve. GitHub will have maintenance issues and errors. With Portable, we will do everything in our power to make your life easier.

Unlimited Data Volumes

You can move as much data from GitHub to as you want without worrying about usage credits or overages. Instead of analyzing your ETL costs, you should be analyzing your data.

Free to Get Started

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