With Portable, integrate Weather.gov data with your BigQuery warehouse in minutes. Access your A National Weather Service of United States Government data from BigQuery without having to manage cumbersome ETL scripts.
The Two Paths to Connect Weather.gov to Google BigQuery
There are two ways to sync data from Weather.gov into your data warehouse for analytics.
Method 1: Manually Developing a Custom Data Pipeline Yourself
Write code from scratch or use an open-source framework to build an integration between Weather.gov and BigQuery.
Method 2: Automating the ETL Process with a No-Code Solution
Leverage a pre-built connector from a cloud-hosted solution like Portable.
How to Create Value with Weather.gov Data
Teams connect Weather.gov to their data warehouse to build dashboards and generate value for their business. Let’s dig into the capabilities Weather.gov exposes via their API, outline insights you can build with the data, and summarize the most common analytics environments that teams are using to process their Weather.gov data.
Extract: What Data Can You Extract from the Weather.gov API?
Weather.gov is a A National Weather Service of United States Government used for weather forcasting and reporting. It provide weather, water and climate data, forecasts, warnings, and impact-based decision support services for the protection of life and property and enhancement of the national economy of USA.
To help clients power downstream analytics, Weather.gov offers an application programming interface (API) for clients to extract data on business entities. Here are a few example entities you can extract from the API:
You can visit the Weather.gov API Documentation to explore the entire catalog of available API resources and the complete schema definition for each.
As you think about the data you will need for analytics, don’t forget that Portable offers no-code integrations to other similar applications.
Regardless of the SaaS solution you use, it’s important to find a A National Weather Service of United States Government with robust data available for analytics.
Load: Which Destinations Are Best for Your Weather.gov ETL Pipeline?
To turn raw data from Weather.gov into dashboards, most companies centralize information into a data warehouse or data lake. For Portable clients, the most common ETL pipelines are:
- Weather.gov to Snowflake Integration
- Weather.gov to Google BigQuery Integration
- Weather.gov to Amazon Redshift Integration
- Weather.gov to PostgreSQL Integration
Once you have a destination to load the data, it’s common to combine Weather.gov data with information from other enterprise applications like Jira, Mailchimp, HubSpot, Zendesk, and Klaviyo.
From there, you can build cross-functional dashboards in a visualization tool like Power BI, Tableau, Looker, or Retool.
Develop: Which Dashboards Should You Build with Weather.gov Data?
Now that you have identified the data you want to extract, the next step is to plan out the dashboards you can build with the data.
As a process, you want to consume raw data, overlay SQL logic, and build a dashboard to either 1) increase revenue or 2) decrease costs.
Replicating Weather.gov data into your cloud data warehouse can unlock a wide array of opportunities to power analytics, automate workflows, and develop products. The use cases are endless.
Now that we have a clear sense of the insights we can create, let’s compare the process of developing a custom Weather.gov integration with the benefits of using a no-code ETL solution like Portable.
Method 1: Building a Custom Weather.gov ETL Pipeline
To build your own Weather.gov integration, there are three steps:
- Navigate the Weather.gov API documentation
- Make your first API request
- Turn an API request into a complete data pipeline
Let’s walk through the process in more detail.
How to Interpret Weather.gov’s API Documentation
When reading API documentation, there are a handful of key concepts to consider.
There are many common authentication mechanisms. OAuth 2.0 (Auth Code and Client Credentials), API Keys, JWT Tokens, Personal Access Tokens, Basic Authentication, etc. For Weather.gov, it’s important to identify the authentication mechanism and how best to incorporate the necessary credentials into your API requests.
A User Agent is required to identify your application. This string can be anything, and the more unique to your application the less likely it will be affected by a security event. If you include contact information (website or email), we can contact you if your string is associated to a security event. This will be replaced with an API key in the future.
It’s important to identify the Weather.gov API endpoints you want to use for analytics. Most APIs offer a combination of GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE request methods; however, for analytics, GET requests are typically the most useful. At times, POST requests can be used to extract data as well.
For Weather.gov, the Returns all currently active alerts endpoint is a great place to get started.
For each API endpoint you would like to use for analytics, you need to understand the method (GET, POST, PUT, or DELETE) and the URL, but there are other considerations to take into account as well. You should look out for pagination mechanics, query parameters, and parameters that are added to the request path.
The following pagination parameters are provided in requests having listing results:
Some API endpoints require unique identifiers from a previous API response to be included in the URL path. For instance, to get a zone forecast, you need a zoneID that is returned from another endpoint.
How Do You Call the Weather.gov API? (Tutorial)
- Follow the instructions above to read the Weather.gov API documentation
- Identify and collect your credentials for authentication
- Pick the API resource you want to pull data from
- Configure the necessary parameters, method, and URL to make your first request (e.g. with curl or Postman)
- Add your credentials and make your first API call . Here is an example request using curl (without real credentials):
curl -X GET 'https://api.weather.gov/alerts/active/count' -H 'accept: application/ld+json'
How Do You Maintain a Custom Weather.gov to BigQuery ETL Pipeline?
Making a call to the Weather.gov API is just the beginning of maintaining a complete custom ETL pipeline.
Here is a getting-started guide to building a production-grade pipeline for Weather.gov:
- For each API endpoint, define schemas (which fields exist and the type for each)
- Process the API response and parse the data (typically parsing JSON or XML)
- Handle and replicate nested objects and custom fields
- Identify which Weather.gov fields are primary keys and which keys are required vs. optional
- Version control your changes in a git-based workflow (using GitHub, GitLab, etc.)
- Handle code dependencies in your toolchain and the upgrades that come with each
- Monitor the health of the upstream API, and —when things go wrong— troubleshoot via the status page, reach out to support, and open tickets
- Handle error codes (HTTP error codes like 400s, 500s, etc.)
- Manage and respect rate limits imposed by the server
We won’t go into detail on all of the items above, but rate limits are a great example of the complexity found in a production-grade data pipeline.
If you don’t respect rate limits, and if you can’t handle server responses (like 429 errors with a Retry-After header), your pipeline can break, and analytics can become out-of-date.
What Are the Drawbacks of Building the Weather.gov ETL Pipeline Yourself?
You can probably tell at this point that there is a lot of work that goes into building and maintaining an ETL pipeline from Weather.gov to your data warehouse.
If you want less development work, faster insights, and no ongoing responsibilities, you should consider a cloud-hosted ETL solution.
Let’s walk through the setup process for a no-code ETL solution and its benefits.
Method 2: Using a No-Code Weather.gov ETL Solution
No-code ETL solutions are simple. Vendors specialize in building and maintaining data pipelines on your behalf. Instead of starting from scratch for each integration. Companies like Portable create connector templates that can be leveraged by hundreds or thousands of clients.
Step-By-Step Tutorial for Configuring Your Weather.gov ETL Pipeline
Off-the-shelf ETL tools offer a no-code setup process. Here are the instructions to connect Weather.gov to your cloud data warehouse with Portable.
- Create an account (no credit card required)
- Add a source —search for and select Weather.gov
- Authenticate with Weather.gov using the instructions in the Portable console
- Select BigQuery and authenticate
- Set up a flow connecting Weather.gov to your analytics environment
- Run your flow to replicate data from Weather.gov to your warehouse
- Use the dropdown to set your data flow to run on a cadence
What Are the Benefits of Using Portable for Weather.gov ETL?
Start moving Weather.gov data in minutes. Save yourself the headaches of reading API documentation, writing code, and worrying about maintenance. Leave the hassle to us.
Easy to Understand Pricing
With predictable, fixed-cost pricing per data flow, you know exactly how much your Weather.gov integration will cost every month.
Fast Development Speeds
Access lightning-fast connector development. Portable can build new integrations on-demand in hours or days.
APIs change. Schemas evolve. Weather.gov will have maintenance issues and errors. With Portable, we will do everything in our power to make your life easier.
Unlimited Data Volumes
You can move as much data from Weather.gov to Google BigQuery as you want without worrying about usage credits or overages. Instead of analyzing your ETL costs, you should be analyzing your data.
Free to Get Started
Sign up and get started for free. You don’t need a credit card to manually trigger a data sync, so you can try all of our connectors before paying a dime.